Benefits of good nutrition during cancer treatment

treatment

Good nutrition or nutrition is especially important if you have cancer because both the disease and its treatment can change the way you eat. The cancer and its treatment can also affect how the body handles certain foods, and their ability to utilize nutrients.

The nutrient needs of people with cancer vary for each person. Your cancer care team can help you identify your nutrition goals and plan some ways to help you get them. Eating well while on cancer treatment may help you:

Feeling better.

Maintain a high level of strength and energy.

Maintain your weight and reserves of nutrients from your body.

Better tolerate the side effects related to the treatment.

Reduce your risk of infections.

Heal and recover more quickly.

Eating well means eating a variety of foods to get the nutrients your body needs to fight cancer. These nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, fat, water, vitamins and minerals السحر الاسود .

Nutrients

Proteins

Proteins are necessary for the growth and repair of body tissue, as well as to keep our immune system healthy. When your body does not get enough protein, you may resort to loosening the muscle you need. This could prolong the recovery time of the disease and reduce the resistance to infections. People with cancer often need more protein than usual. After surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy, additional protein is usually needed to heal the tissues and help fight infections.

Good sources of protein include lean cuts of red meat, eggs, low-fat dairy products, nuts, peanut butter, beans, dried peas and lentils, and soy foods.

Fat

Fats play an important role in nutrition. Fats and oils are composed of liposos acids that serve as a rich source of energy for the body. The body separates fats and uses them to store energy, isolate the body’s tissues and transport some types of vitamins through the blood.

You may have heard that some fats are better than others. When considering the effects that fats have on the heart and cholesterol level, opt for monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats instead of saturated and trans fats.

Monounsaturated fats are found mainly in vegetable oils such as canola, olive and peanut oils.

Polyunsaturated fats are found mainly in vegetable oils such as safflower, sunflower and flax seed oils. Polyunsaturated fats are also the main fats found in seafood.

Saturated fats are found mainly in products of animal origin such as red meat, poultry, whole or low-fat milk, cheese and butter. Some vegetable oils such as coconut, palm kernel and palm oils are saturated. Saturated fats can raise cholesterol levels and thereby increase the risk of heart disease. It should be ensured that no more than 10% of the calories consumed come from saturated fats.

The trans fatty acids are formed when vegetable oils are processed into solids, such as margarine or shortening. Sources of trans fat are found in sandwiches and baked goods with partially hydrogenated vegetable oil or vegetable shortening. Trans fats are also natural in some products of animal origin such as dairy products. This type of fat can raise bad cholesterol and reduce good cholesterol. Avoid trans fat as much as possible.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body and offer the body the fuel it requires for physical activity and for the proper functioning of organs. The best sources of carbohydrates (fruits, vegetables and whole grains) provide essential vitamins and minerals, as well as fiber and phytonutrients to the cells of the body. (Phytonutrients are chemicals in plant-based foods that we do not need to live, but that could promote health).

The whole foodsor made with whole grains contain all the essential parts and nutrients that occur naturally from the whole grain seed. Whole grains (whole grains) can be found in cereals, breads and flours. Some whole grains, such as quinoa (quinoa), brown rice or barley can be used as side dishes in a meal. When choosing an integral product, look for it to contain the terms “whole grain”, “whole grain”, “whole wheat” or similar. Keep in mind that some bakeries will use wholemeal flour with white flour, but the product label will indicate “integral.” Therefore, check the list of ingredients that appears on the label. Breads and other products whose labels indicate “100% whole wheat” do not contain refined flour.

The fiber is the part of plant foods that the body cannot digest. There are two types of fiber: insoluble fiber, which helps eliminate food waste out of the body more quickly, and soluble fiber that adheres to water in feces for softening them.

Other sources of carbohydrates include bread, potatoes (potatoes), rice, pasta, cereals, beans, corn, peas (pea) and beans among others. Sweets (desserts, candies and sugary drinks) can supply carbohydrates, but offer very few vitamins, minerals or phytonutrients.

Herbs

Herbs have been used to treat diseases for hundreds of years, with mixed results. Currently, herbs can be found in a wide variety of products such as pills, liquid extracts, teas and ointments. Many of these products are harmless and safe to consume, but others can cause harmful side effects. Some may even interfere with proven treatments for cancer, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, as well as recovery from surgery. Again, if you are interested in taking or using any herbal products, consult your doctor or oncology nurse first.

Security measures

Many people think that if a pill or vitamin supplement (supplement) is available in stores, then their consumption must be safe and effective. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the USA It has rules to help ensure that the supplements contain what their labels indicate, although the safety of these products and their effects on the body are not regulated by the FDA. The FDA does not require manufacturers of these products to print possible side effects on their labels. And the FDA cannot take a nutritional supplement or herbal product out of the market unless it has evidence that the product is not safe.

It has also been shown that many herbal products are not what the label says they are. Some products do not contain any of the herbs they are supposed to have. Some also contain potentially harmful drugs, additives or contaminants that are not indicated on the label. This means that there is no definitive way to know if a supplement or nutritional supplement is safe or how it could affect you.

Tell your cancer care team about the over-the-counter products and supplements you are using or are considering using. Take the bottle (or the bottles) to your doctor to discuss the dose and make sure the ingredients do not interfere with your health or your cancer treatment.

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